Square Meter to Bigha: A Comprehensive Conversion Guide

square meter to bigha

Square Meter to Bigha: A Comprehensive Conversion Guide

Are you looking to convert square meter to bigha or vice versa? Understanding the conversion between different land measurement units is crucial, especially when dealing with real estate or land-related transactions. In this article, we will delve into the conversion of square meters to bighas and provide you with a comprehensive guide to simplify the process. So let’s get started!


When it comes to measuring land, various systems are used worldwide. Square meters and bighas are two commonly used units in different regions, and knowing how to convert between them can be immensely beneficial. Whether you’re a buyer, seller, or simply curious about land measurements, this article will equip you with the necessary knowledge.

Understanding Square Meter and Bigha

What is a Square Meter?

The square meter (m²) is the standard unit of area measurement in the International System of Units (SI). It is a metric unit that represents the area of a square with sides measuring one meter in length. Square meters are widely used globally due to their simplicity and compatibility with other metric units.

What is a Bigha?

A bigha is a traditional unit of land measurement used primarily in South Asia, particularly in countries like India, Nepal, and Bangladesh. However, it’s important to note that the size of a bigha can vary from region to region. The bigha may be larger or smaller in some areas, depending on local customs and historical norms.

Conversion Factors

To convert between square meter and bigha accurately, it’s essential to understand the conversion factors. Let’s explore them in detail.

Square Meters to Bighas Conversion

The conversion from square meter to bigha involves dividing the total area in square meters by a specific conversion factor. The conversion factor may vary depending on the region or country. For instance, in India, one bigha is typically equal to 1,618.74 square meters, while in Nepal, it is equivalent to 677.91 square meters.

To convert square meters to bighas, use the following formula:

Number of Bighas = Total Area in Square Meters / Conversion Factor

Bighas to Square Meters Conversion

Conversely, to convert bighas to square meters, multiply the number of bighas by the appropriate conversion factor. Using the same example, if one bigha is equal to 1,618.74 square meters, then:

Total Area in Square Meters = Number of Bighas * Conversion Factor

Practical Examples

Let’s explore a couple of practical examples to better understand how conversion works in real-life scenarios.

Converting Square Meters to Bighas

Imagine you have a plot of land measuring 3,000 square meters, and you want to determine its equivalent in bighas. Assuming we are using the Indian conversion factor, we can calculate it as follows:

Number of Bighas = 3,000 / 1,618.74 ≈ 1.85 Bighas

Therefore, the 3,000 square meters plot of land is approximately 1.85 bighas.

Converting Bighas to Square Meters

Suppose you are considering purchasing land measuring 5 bighas in Nepal and want to know the area in square meters. Using the Nepali conversion factor, the calculation would be:

Total Area in Square Meters = 5 * 677.91 = 3,389.55 Square Meters

Hence, the 5 bighas of land are equivalent to approximately 3,389.55 square meters.

Importance of Square Meter to Bigha Conversion

Understanding the conversion between square meter and bigha is vital for various reasons. It enables smooth transactions when buying or selling land, prevents misunderstandings or miscalculations, and helps in evaluating property values accurately. Whether you’re a real estate professional, investor, or someone interested in land measurements, having this knowledge can significantly benefit you.

Understanding India’s Land Measurement Unit: Bigha

What is a Bigha?

A Bigha is a traditional unit of land measurement widely used in India, particularly in the northern and eastern regions of the country. It serves as an important measurement unit in various agricultural, real estate, and land-related transactions. The term “Bigha” originated from the Sanskrit word “Vigha,” which means “a division” or “a portion.”

Regional Variations of Bigha

It’s important to note that the size and value of a Bigha may vary across different states and regions in India. Due to historical and geographical factors, each region has its interpretation of the Bigha unit. Let’s take a closer look at some of the common regional variations:

  1. North India:
    • In North India, a Bigha is typically larger compared to other regions. The size can vary between 2,025 and 6,771 square meters (or 21,780 and 72,900 square feet). It is further divided into smaller units known as “Biswa” or “Biswaas.”
  2. East India:
    • In East India, a Bigha is usually smaller compared to North India. The size can range from 1,600 to 4,840 square meters (or 17,222 to 52,121 square feet). However, it’s worth noting that specific variations exist within different states and districts.
  3. Other Regions:
    • Other regions in India, such as parts of Western and Southern India, may have their local units of land measurement, and the term “Bigha” might not be commonly used.

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